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Other Specimen Data Sources

DISTRIBUTED NETWORKS make possible to query many collections and/or databases at the same time, delivering complete information about specimens and country observations. There are other relevant data sources, such as:

  • ON-LINE COLLECTIONS: specimen data served from diverse natural history institution through their internet portals.
  • OTHER BIODIVERSITY DATA SOURCES: including different kinds of data: ecological, nomenclatural, taxonomical, taxon descriptions, images, and so on.

Distributed Networks

 Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF)

GBIF logo

The GBIF data portal is a gateway to browse and search data across the GBIF Network. Users may browse through biological taxonomies to access the specimen/observation data, see providers' listings of sites and countries where the data comes from and search the data by scientific name, common name and/or by country. There's an advance search engine, where complex queries can be build. Resulting data can be viewed, downloaded and viewed in a distribution map.
 Ocean Biogeografic Information System (OBIS)

OBIS is a global source of information about the marine environment, as well as the data portal of the Census of Marine Life - CoML network. This network includes more than 1000 researchers from 73 different countries. OBIS provides web-based information about marine species and habitats, integrating biological, physical, and chemical oceanographic data from multiple sources. OBIS is an associated member of GBIF since June 2001.

 Biological Collection Access Service for Europe (BioCASe)

BioCASe logo

BioCASe is a service that provides unified access to information held in biological collections throughout Europe. You can use BioCASe to locate Collections and Institutions that hold biological collections and are potential sources of information, or to find individual records of specific Specimens and observations. There's a search portal prototype available for testing.

 The World Information Network on Biodiversity (REMIB)


The World Biodiversity Information Network (REMIB) is a computerized system of biological information, based on a decentralized, academic, inter-institutional and international organization, formed by research and higher education centers, both public and private, that possess both scientific biological collections and data banks. CONABIO, Mexico. It includes databases of a curatorial, taxonomic, ecological, cartographic, bibliographic, ethno-biological type, use of catalogues on natural resources and other subject matters.
Access to information:


 Biodiversity Data Networks in USA

MANIS logo

The MaNIS (Mammal Networked Information System ) network consists of an increasing number of North American data providers whose resources are, or will soon be, accessible from multiple equivalent portals comprising a network of distributed databases of mammal specimen data. Univ.of California, Berkeley, USA. Access to data portals: 



Logo herpnet

HerpNET is a collaborative effort by natural history museums to establish a global network of herpetological collections data, funded by the National Science Foundation and a GBIF DIGIT grant. Currently, 60 institutions are participating in the HerpNET community, with an open-ended invitation to institutions who would like to join. Forty-nine institutions are available on the SPECIMEN SEARCHING PORTAL, with data from over 5.5 million specimens available for searching.



Logo Ornis

Over 5 million bird specimens are housed in North American collections, documenting the composition, distribution, ecology, and systematics of the world's estimated 10,000-16,000 bird species. ORNIS addresses the urgent call for increased access to these data in an open and collaborative manner, and involves development of a suite of online software tools for data analysis and error-checking. This project, funded by the National Science Foundation, expands on existing infrastructure developed for distributed mammal (MaNIS), amphibian and reptile (HerpNet), and fish (FishNet) databases.

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GBIF-ES is the Spanish node of the Global Biodiversity Information Facility
sponsored by the Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness, managed
by the Spanish National Research Council throught its
Royal Botanical Garden-CSIC
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