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 Home > Biodiversity Data Sources Espaņol

Biodiversity Data Sources

You will find below several biodiversity data sources affecting the Macaronesian region (Iberian Peninsula, Balearic Islands, Canary Islands, Azores and Madeira).


Spanish Initiatives

  Spanish Nature Databank (BDN - Banco de Datos de la Naturaleza)

BDN Logo


The Spanish Nature Databank, developed by the General Direction for Nature Conservation (DGCN) from the Spanish Ministry of Environment provides plenty of information: from the Spanish Network of Protected Spaces, the European Natura 2000 Network, the National Inventory of Habitats and Taxa of the National Cartographic Base.

To emphasize: the section about inventories and statistics: National Habitat Inventory, National Forest Inventory, etc.

 ANTHOS (Spanish Plant Information System)


ANTHOS is an on-line information system on Spanish plants, developed by the Fundación Biodiversidad and the Royal Botanical Garden of Madrid (CSIC) and supported by the Spanish Ministry of Environment.
The system makes possible the generation of distribution maps, plant checklists and other types of output, according to region, place name or UTM grid.
The data comes from the experience and information generated in the framework of the Flora iberica project. The database is made of approx. 1,3 million of records derived from scientific publications (mostly journals), information concerning conservation status, as well as graphics and photographs.

InvasIBER Logo

InvasIBER is originated within the project "InvasIBER: website about the introduction of alien species in Spain", funded by the Spanish Ministry of Science and Technology with a Special Actions grant in 2002.

An Internet popularization platform has been created about the problems caused by the introduction of alien species in the Iberian Peninsula. All the information has been included in a database, available in their website:

 SIVIM, Sistema de Información de la Vegetación Ibérica y Macaronésica
Logo InvasIBER

SIVIM is an Iberian and Macaronesian Vegetation Information System that at the end of the Project (2009), will host some 100.000 relevés, mainly from the northern half of the Iberian Peninsula and the Balearic Islands. The portal will be a main vegetation site with data and software for vegetation
analysis. The informatization and Web publication of the relevés is performed by VegAna. All the information is available in the following website:

Regional Initiatives
 Biodiversity Data Bank of Catalonia (BioCat)


The Biodiversity Data Bank of Catalonia aims to compile biodiversity information for all of Catalonia. It is developed by the computerisation of all Catalonian species records available.
The records are supplemented by biological, ecological and distribution data. The aim of this project is to obtain and compile the greatest possible number of bibliographic records of Catalonian biodiversity. These records are the information source of the Data Bank.
This data will make possible to understand species distribution, conservation status and degree of vulnerability, rareness, endemicity, etc.

 Biodiversity Data Bank of the Valencian Region

BDBCV logo

The Biodiversity Data Bank of the Valencian Region offers information such as: check-lists of taxa present in the area, taxon search by geographic criteria, information on the legal status of the taxa, information about the taxon distribution in a map, etc. Besides, a advanced search system is included to find the information according to diverse criteria.
 Services from the Environment Bureau of the Andalusian Regional Government


The Andalusian Environmental Information Network (Red de Información Ambiental de Andalucía, also known as REDIAM) provides general environmental information such as statistics, cartography (.JPG format) of natural resources, protected areas, forest sites, norms, environmental ordinance, etc. Among the services offered, stands the digital cartography of the zone.

Please visit their website.

 Biodiversity Data Bank of Canary Islands (BIOTA)


The Project Biota-Especies consists of a set of activities aiming towards the development of a Biodiversity Data Bank of the Canary Islands that will contain both, marine and terrestrial wildlife data of the archipelago. Information about different aspects of the species as well as check lists of resident species according to each island is provided.

Please visit their web page.

Biodiversity Data Infrastructure of Navarra
Logo Infraestructura de Datos de Biodiversidad de Navarra

The Biodiversity Data Infrastructure of Navarra (Infraestructura de Datos de Biodiversidad de Navarra) is an initiative in development of the Department of Rural Development and Environment of the Regional Government of Navarra that will deliver to the citizens the information about the fauna and flora species which are especially interesting in Navarra, about their habitats and about important places for biodiversity conservation.

The data included at present, provisional up to the official launch of the portal, can be reviewed at:

 Atlas of the Flora of Aragón

Atlas of the Flora of Aragon Logo

This Atlas of the Flora of Aragón is a cooperative project between the Pyrenean Institute of Ecology (CSIC) and the Regional Government of Aragón. Detailed information about the plants naturally growing in this territory is shown. The information provided for every taxon included is diverse: nomenclatural, descriptions, distribution, phenology, conservation, maps and icons.

 Galician Entomological Association 'Luis Iglesias' (AEGA)

Logo AEG

One of the fundamental objectives of the Galician Entomological Association 'Luis Iglesias' (AEGA) is the elaboration of an electronic catalogue and inventory on arthropods in Galicia (NW Spain) as well as adjacent Spanish and Portuguese provinces. All AEGA's tasks are undertaken exclusively on Internet. In its initial phase, the inventories are based on the available bibliography, considering the taxonomic range of the family as basic unit.
The inventories -which are continually updated- include, whenever possible, photographs and distribution maps of the species. Access to collection specimen data of some of the AEGA members can be found in the "Datos Inéditos" section.

 Flora of Cultivated Fields of Navarra

This initiative from the herbarium of the Public University of Navarra intends to make easy the identification of the most common wild plants growing in cultivated fields in Navarra, explaining the basics to avoid their expansion. It includes information of 130 species of 36 families. In 33 species the seedlings is also described, apart from the adult plant.

International Initiatives
 European Nature Information System (EUNIS)


European Nature Information System
(EUNIS) provides access to information about species and subspecies of interest for biodiversity and nature protection in Europe.
EUNIS data are collected and maintained by the European Topic Centre for Biodiversity and Nature Protection (ETC/NPB) for the European Environment Agency and the European Environmental Information Observation Network.
Data on species, habitats and sites is compiled in the framework of the NATURA2000 (EU Habitats and Birds Directives), but also data collected by ETC/NPB, from literature and other sources as reference data. Uses interactive maps and advanced cross-search tools, linking species, habitat types and sites.

 The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species

This is the web page of the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) - Red List of Threatened Species.

The searchable database provides taxonomic status, conservation status and distribution information on taxa, as well as relative risk of extinction.


 European Directory of Marine Environment Datasets (EDMED)


The European Directory of Marine Environmental Datasets (EDMED) has established itself as a de-facto European standard for indexing and searching datasets relating to the marine environment. It covers a wide range of disciplines and is a high-level inventory, describing both datasets and data holding centres.

At present, EDMED already includes information on 2.814 datasets from 574 data holding centres across Europe.

Information is made available via the Sea-Search website:


Logo WhyWhere

The WhyWhere application combines a enormous database of environmental and remote sensing data, powerful image processing algorithms and cluster computing in a unique system of on-line search and mapping that responds to the question of "Where is it and why" of any species, anywhere in the world. San Diego Super Computing Center, Univ. California, USA.

 Berkeley Digital Library Project (CalPhotos)

Logo Digital Library Project

is a collection more than 50,000 images of plants, animals, fossils, people, and landscapes. A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. CalPhotos is within the Digital Library Project of the University of Berkeley, California.


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GBIF-ES is the Spanish node of the Global Biodiversity Information Facility
sponsored by the Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness, managed
by the Spanish National Research Council throught its
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