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 Home Software > Darwin Test Español
An application to test and check data in the Darwin Core format to guarantee databases quality in the GBIF network
  • Characteristics
  • Download zone
  • Catalogue of Life table
  • AAT table
  • Credits and support
Software characteristics

DARWIN TEST is a software application to validate and check records from tables in a Darwin Core 1.2, Darwin Core 1.4 or Darwin Core Archive format to the exchange of information about about biological diversity (specimens from natural history collections and observations

DARWIN TEST is an easy-to-use program, and we recommend to use it to validate data in the Darwin Core formats, before publishing databases to the GBIF network ( DARWIN TEST is developed and supported by the Coordination Unit of the Spanish GBIF national node.

Data Management. Darwint test enables the following functionalities:

  • To validate and check records from Darwin Core 1.2, Darwin Core 1.4 or Darwin Core Archive tables through queries that users can customize.
  • Activation and deactivation of queries.
  • To create new validation queries to fit users needs.
  • To make direct corrections on wrong records through the validation forms. Those corrections can be set in a permanent way in the original Darwin Core 1.2, Darwin Core 1.4 or Darwin Core Archive table or in a paralel table.
  • To export to the new Darwin Core Archive.
  • Filters creation and management that makes the user be able to remove records or generalize decimal coordinates.
  • To check scientific names in comparison to the SCIENTIFIC_NAMES table from THE CATALOGUE OF LIFE: ITIS and Species 2000, or to any other database that fits some minimum requirements.
  • To check scientific names in comparison to the table AAT (Taxonomic Authority Archives) from the Sistema de Información sobre Biodiversidad (SIB) de Colombia.
  • Coordinate conversions from UTM to decimal degrees which are used in the Darwin Core format.
  • Detection of anomalous ASCII characters.
  • Generation the Apparent Quality Index (ICA) to follow the improvement in data quality.
  • To eliminate those records from the Darwin Core table that may not be shown into the GBIF data portal.
  • To generalize o delete geographic coordinates in those records of the DarwinCore that are considered sensitive data.
  • To provide tables of standard countries (ISO-3166), Provinces (ISO-3166-2) and continents. They have boundingbox for countries and provinces.
  • To import/export metadata from eml files according to IPT.
  • To export directly in Darwin Core 1.2, Darwin Core 1.4 and Darwin Core Archive versions.

Technical details

  • DARWIN TEST is based on Microsoft Access.
  • Only a database Darwin_test.mdb and you can link the Darwin Core 1.2, Darwin Core 1.4 or Darwin Core Archive table and other referecence tables to check scientific names.
  • Graphical User Interface easy-to-use.
  • Open source code available on under the terms of the Creative Commons License.

With the collaboration of CATALOGUE OF LIFE species 2000ITIS

Main window snapshot with menu options

main menu

Download Zone
Darwin Test downloads


Validation, data correction, ICA (Apparent Quality Index) calculation, and coordinate generalization of a Darwin Core Archive file are among the novelties and improvements of the newest Darwin Test version. Furthermore, the metadata form has been modified according to the terms used by the Integrated Publishing Toolkit developed by GBIF. Also, the direct export of the eml file containing the collection metadata is now allowed. In addition, the coordinate conversion function has been debugged.

*Usual problems with MS Office when installing the application for the first time.


Downloads for Darwin Test 3.3
Manual 3.3 (soon)
Julio 2013



for users
for developers
Julio 2012
November 2011
August 2011
Jan. 11
Feb. 09


DARWIN_TEST13-2K.ZIP (Access 2000)

Dic. 08


DARWIN_TEST12-2K.ZIP (Access 2000)



DARWIN_TEST11-2K.ZIP (Access 2000)

Scientific Names table to ckeck data in DARWIN_TEST application

The Catalogue of Life is a joint product of Species 2000 and ITIS. The Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life is planned to become a comprehensive catalogue of all known species of organisms on Earth by the year 2011. Rapid progress has been made recently and this, the eighth edition of the Annual Checklist, contains 1,257,735 species. Please note that this is probably just more than half of the world's known species. This means that for many groups it continues to be deficient

ITIS (Integrated Taxonomic Information system) is a partnership of federal agencies and other organisations from the United States, Canada, and Mexico, with data stewards and experts from around the world.

Species 2000 is an autonomous federation of taxonomic database custodians, involving taxonomists throughout the world. Its goal is to collate a uniform and validated index to the world's known species.

The programme in partnership with the Integrated Taxonomic Information system (ITIS) of North America currently produces the Catalogue of Life.  This is used by the Global Biodiversity Information facility (GBIF) as the taxonomic backbone to its web portal.  Species 2000 receives funding from GBIF.

Click Here to see source databases for 2010 Annual Checklis.

ScientificNames table download







Scientific_Names table 2010

MS Access 2003

ZIP 113 Mb



Scientific_Names table 2010

MS Access 2007

ZIP 113 Mb


Old versions


Scientific_Names table 2008

MS Access 2003/2007

ZIP 120 Mb



Scientific_Names table 2007

MS Access 2003/2007

ZIP 73 Mb


With the collaboration of CATALOGUE OF LIFE Species 2000ITIS

The Catalogue of Life partnership would appreciate it if you could let them know about any taxon or scientific name not included in the Annual ckecklist. Contact them clicking on here.


The Catalogue of Life partnership thanks all who contributed to the content and production of this Annual Checklist. In particular, thanks to Species 2000 Asia-Oceania, Species 2000 europa, NBII, GBIF, University of Reading (Centre for Plant Diversity and Systematics), European Commission (EC EDIT NoE), WorldFish Center (SeaLifeBase project), NIES and ETI BioInformatics, Encyclopedia of Life and Consortium for the Barcode of Life. Thanks also go to Paul Klinkenberg, ETI BioInformatics for the cover design, To Peter Brewer, Reading and to Eli Agbayani, WorldFish Center for supoorting the online development database.

We would like to acknowledge all the people from de GSD community who provide us valuable support in data export and tranformation: Anton Günstsch, Angel Anta, Johannes Goll, Richard Flood, Bart Vanhoorne, Silvia Lusa, Antonella Linguanti, Rosario Dioguardi and Sergey Jezniakowsky.

How to cite this work

How to cite individual databases included in this work, for example :
Yu D.S.K. (2010). Taxapad Ichneumonoidea (May 2009 version). In Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life: 2010 Annual Checklist (Bisby F.A., Roskov Y.R., Orrell T.M., Nicolson D., Paglinawan L.E., Bailly N., Kirk P.M., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., eds). DVD; Species 2000: Reading, UK.

How to cite the Catalogue of Life Taxonomic Classification:
Bisby FA, Roskov YR, Orrell TM, Nicolson D, Paglinawan LE, Bailly N, Kirk PM, Bourgoin T, Baillargeon G., eds (2010). Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life: 2010 Annual Checklist Taxonomic Classification. DVD; Species 2000: Reading, UK.

Taxonomic Authority Archives table to validate scientific names in DARWIN_TEST aplication

The Taxonomic Authority Archives (AAT) are reference lists of all scientific names available (accepted names and synonyms) from availables species. These names are organised in a hierarchical arrangement depending on the classification system and they are documented with their bibliografic source in all cases, and with their respective authorities in the categories they are required.

To get more information and how to use the AAT, how to consult them and which Taxonomic Authority Archives are available in .xml format, please visit the page of the SIB (Sistema de Información sobre Biodiversidad) from Colombia.

AAT Table download

Click here to download the Taxonomic Authority Archives table from the SIB form Colombia (MS Access databse, ZIP 935 Kb).

To see how to setup and validate data in the Darwin Core standard against the AAT table, please click on here to see an example at your Internet browser.

With the collaboration of SIB de Colombia

Use conditions and access

You can access the SIB from Colombia web page: click on here to get all the information about the access and the use of AAT.

How to cite this work

Author (Initial surname in capital letter and initial name, idem). Year >
Database name. Institution. City, > Country. Availability of the resource. Version. > URL

Vítolo A. 2004. Archivo de autoridad taxonómica de escarabajos tigre > (Coleoptera:
Cicindelidae) de Colombia. Instituto de Investigación de > Recursos Alexander
von Humboldt. Bogotá, Colombia. x p.Base de datos en > línea. Versión 1.0.
URL: > >


Créditos y soporte

How to cite this work and the use of Darwin_Test:

Ortega-Maqueda, I. & Pando, F. (2008). DARWIN TEST (Versión): Una aplicación para la validación y el chequeo de los datos en formato Darwin Core 1.2, Darwin Core 1.4 o Darwin Core Archive, (fecha cuando fue consultado). Unidad de Coordinación de GBIF.ES, CSIC. Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad, España

The following staff members have contributed to Darwin Test software development:

 Francisco Pando
   Original idea.

Isabel Ortega Maqueda
   Analysis, Development, Documentation and quality control.

Mª Carmen Lujano Bermúdez
   Software development.

 Jesús Rodríguez Escribano
   Software development.

Katia Cezón García
   Documentation, quality control and users support.


This software is under a Creative Commons License

Older versions of Darwin Test are under a EUPL License version 1.0 and GNU General Public License (GPL) 2.0

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BioGeomancer: Guía para la Georreferenciación


Esta guía es uno de los resultados del proyecto BioGeomancer y en ella se discuten en profundidad las mejores prácticas para la georreferenciación de datos de especies. Esta publicación contiene ejemplos de cómo georreferenciar un amplio rango de tipos de localidades y provee información y ejemplos de cómo calcular la extensión y máxima distancia para localidades basados en la información proporcionada.

Fecha de publicación: 22 Agosto 2006.

Autores: Arthur D. Chapman y John Wieczorek.


 Principios sobre Calidad de Datos

La calidad de los datos y los errores que puedan cometerse en los datos son a menudo temas descuidados en bases de datos ambientales, sistemas de modelado, SIG, etc. Demasiadas veces los datos son usados sin pensamiento crítico ni considerando los errores que puedan contener, llegando así a resultados incorrectos, información errónea, toma de decisiones poco prudentes e incremento de costes. Esta publicación se centra en estos temas y discute un buen número de principios sobre calidad de datos a seguir por las colecciones de historia natural antes de publicar sus datos a redes mayores.

Fecha de publicación: 17 Agosto 2005.

Autor: Arthur D. Chapman.


Principios y Métodos para resolver errores en los datos


Este documento examina los métodos para prevenir así como detectar y limpiar errores en las bases de datos de colecciones de historia natural. Aquí se presentan las guías, métodos y herramientas que pueden ayudar a las colecciones a la hora de digitalizar, documentar y validar información. Pero primero, establece una serie de principios básicos que deben ser seguidos en cualquier procedimiento de limpieza de datos.

Fecha de publicación: 17 Agosto 2005.

Autor: Arthur D. Chapman.


Usos de datos de ocurrencia de especies

Este artículo revisa los usos de los datos sobre ocurrencia de especies en investigación, educación y otras áreas de desarrollo humano y proporciona ejemplos de estos usos. La publicación no sólo revisa datos observacionales sino también datos procedentes de colecciones de museos y herbarios, los cuales representan almacenes de información a largo plazo y cuyos datos están casi sin explotar.

Fecha de publicación: 17 Agosto 2005.

Autor: Arthur D. Chapman.


Guía de mejores prácticas en datos sensibles

Esta guía con las mejores prácticas para generalizar datos sensibles proporciona la clave a los proveedores de datos a la hora de determinar si una especie debe considerarse sensible así como su grado de sensibilidad. Además, proporciona guías para la correcta redacción que se debe utilizar en documentación, métodos para generalizar los datos tanto espaciales como no espaciales.

Fecha de publicación: 31 March 2008.

Autores: Arthur D. Chapman y Oliver Grafton.


Importancia de las observaciones de organismos

Las obserbvaciones que se hacen de la naturaleza son la base de los estudios ecológicos, los cuales utilizan estas observaciones para establecer patrones en la naturaleza y en la conservación de la biodiversidad. Los datos observacionales son el princpal componente de los "datos de biodiversidad primaria".

Fecha de publicación: 09 Octubre 2008.

Autor: Steve Kelling.




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