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Bird census at the beach of Doñana Natural Space

Latest version published by Biological Station of Doñana (CSIC) on Feb 17, 2016 Biological Station of Doñana (CSIC)

Counts of birds (non Passerines and crow) using vehicle-based transect along the Beach of the Natural Space of Doñana.


Download the latest version of the resource data as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A) or the resource metadata as EML or RTF:

Data as a DwC-A file download 99 records in English (22 KB) - Update frequency: unknown
Metadata as an EML file download in English (19 KB)
Metadata as an RTF file download in English (12 KB)


The table below shows only published versions of the resource that are publicly accessible.

How to cite

Researchers should cite this work as follows:

Mañez M (2015): Bird census at the beach of Doñana Natural Space. v2.3. Biological Station of Doñana (CSIC). Dataset/Samplingevent.


Researchers should respect the following rights statement:

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC-BY-NC) 4.0 License.

GBIF Registration

This resource has been registered with GBIF, and assigned the following GBIF UUID: 9a57e938-3616-4f8c-985a-c9b66e7a1347.  Biological Station of Doñana (CSIC) publishes this resource, and is itself registered in GBIF as a data publisher endorsed by GBIF Spain.


Samplingevent; species composition; relative abundance; endangered species; macrofauna; census; biodiversity; Puffinus mauretanicus; Larus audouinii.


Who created the resource:

Manuel Mañez
Technician in charge
Estación Biológica de Doñana (EBD-CSIC) ES

Who can answer questions about the resource:

Manuel Mañez
Estación Biológica de Doñana (EBD-CSIC) Seville ES

Who filled in the metadata:

Carlos Rodriguez
Estación Biológica de Doñana (EBD-CSIC) ES

Who else was associated with the resource:

Kyle Braak

Geographic Coverage

The Beach of the Natural Space of Doñana.

Bounding Coordinates 36.805, 36.982 / -6.529, -6.347 (min, max Latitude / min, max Longitude)

Taxonomic Coverage

Shore birds.

Species  Actitis hypoleucos,  Alca torda,  Anas acuta,  Anas clypeata,  Anas crecca,  Anas penelope,  Anas strepera,  Apus sp,  Ardea cinerea,  Arenaria interpres,  Calidris alba,  Calidris alpina,  Charadrius alexandrinus,  Charadrius dubius,  Charadrius hiaticula,  Chlidonias hybrida,  Chlidonias niger,  Chroicocephalus genei,  Chroicocephalus ridibundus,  Circus cyaneus,  Corvus corax,  Egretta garzetta,  Falco peregrinus,  Falco tinnunculus,  Haematopus ostralegus,  Himantopus himantopus,  Hydroprogne caspia,  Larus argentatus,  Larus audouinii,  Larus fuscus,  Larus marinus,  Larus melanocephalus,  Larus michahellis,  Limosa lapponica,  Melanitta nigra,  Mergus serrator,  Milvus migrans,  Morus bassanus,  Numenius arquata,  Numenius phaeopus Pandion haliaetus,  Phalacrocorax carbo,  Philomachus pugnax,  Pluvialis apricaria,  Pluvialis squatarola,  Puffinus yelkouan,  Recurvirostra avosetta,  Stercorarius parasiticus,  Stercorarius skua,  Sterna bengalensis,  Sterna hirundo,  Sterna paradisaea,  Sterna sandvicensis,  Sternula albifrons,  Tringa totanus

Temporal Coverage

Start Date / End Date 1993-01-01 / 1993-12-31

Sampling Methods

The band census method is applied along the National Park beach in Southeast-Northwest direction. Transect is conducted at constant speed (10-20 km/h) during the morning low tide. This allows higher visibility (sunlight coming from the back). Stops were made when necessary (counting or identification). Wind speed (6 categories from calm to gale), wind direction, sky conditions (6 categories from sunny to rainy), and sea conditions (6 categories from calm to very rough).

Study Extent Protected in 1968, Doñana National Park (537 km2) is a UNESCO Biosphere Reserve, a Ramsar Site and a Natural World Heritage Site. The site contains 25 km-long dune ecosystem and its respective shoreline along which the band census method was applied monthly during one year.
Quality Control Each identification (scientific name) is matched against the GBIF Backbone Taxonomy as a quality control to make sure that each identification is correct.
Step Description 1 Conduct 29km transect driving in 4x4 vehicle at constant speed (10-20 km/h) monthly between days 10 and 20 looking for the best morning low tide.
Step Description 2 Divide transect into three sections 13.5km (CAMA), 7.5km (MAZA), and 8km (ZACA) by using the easily recognisable reference points of Zalabar and Carbonero watchtowers. CAMA means Carbonero-Matalascañas (the beach resort), MAZA means Malandar-Zalabar (Malandar is the name of the point where the river joins the ocean), and ZACA means Zalabar-Carbonero (the two watchtowers). Considering that maximum width of the beach is around 300m, these transects cover 4 km2, 2.1 km2, and 2.4 km2, respectively
Step Description 3 For each section (of transect), for each bird (non Passerines and crow) species observed, record its name and number of individuals counted, stopping the car when necessary.
Step Description 4 For each section (of transect), record wind speed (6 categories from calm to gale), wind direction, sky conditions (6 categories from sunny to rainy), and sea conditions (6 categories from calm to very rough).
Step Description 5 Match each identification (scientific name) against the GBIF Backbone Taxonomy as a quality control, and augment each identification with the matching species' higher taxonomy.

Additional Metadata

Alternative Identifiers doi:10.15470/z6dyzs