The Plant Microbiome Collection is a Technical Scientific Service of the Institute of Natural Resources and Agrobiology of Salamanca (IRNASA-CSIC). It was started in 2008 and currently contains about 2,000 isolates of endophytic fungi from wild plants.

Overall information

Research and dissemination.


- Collection of about 2000 fungi isolated from wild plants. - More than 160 genera of fungi. - Most isolates identified by rDNA sequences - Potential application in agriculture for crop improvement.

Common names

2000 fungal isolates belonging to more than 160 different taxa, mainly ascomycetes.

Geospatial coverage

Principalmente Castilla y León, Galicia, Asturias, Extremadura (España).

Temporal location
Temporal coverage


Datasets of the collection/database
Types of objects

Microbiological cultures (includes cultures of fungi, algae, etc.).

Nº of copies / records


Nº of species

> 160 genera

Percentage of computerization


Does it include Type specimens?


Related Resources
  • Pereira EC, Vazquez de Aldana BR, Arellano JB, Zabalgogeazcoa I. (2021) The role of fungal microbiome components on the adaptation to salinity of Festuca rubra subsp. pruinosa. Frontiers in Plant Science 12: 695717.
  • Pozo MJ, Zabalgogeazcoa I, Vázquez de Aldana BR, Martinez Medina A. (2021) Untapping the potential of plant mycobiomes for applications in agriculture. Current Opinion in Plant Biology 60:102034
  • Vázquez de Aldana BR, Mellado E, Cuesta MJ, Zabalgogeazcoa I. (2021) Screening fungal endophytes from a wild grass for growth promotion in tritordeum, an agricultural cereal. Plant Science. 303:110762
  • Vázquez de Aldana BR, Cuesta MJ, Zabalgogeazcoa I. (2020) Cultivation and growth dynamics of endophytic fungi in a solid culture medium based on sugar beet pulp. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture 100: 441-446. doi: 10.1002/jsfa.10030
  • Soto-Barajas MC, Vázquez de Aldana BR, Álvarez A, Zabalgogeazcoa I. (2019) Sympatric Epichloë species and chemotypic profiles in natural populations of Lolium perenne. Fungal Ecology 39: 231-241
  • Pereira E, Vazquez de Aldana B, San Emeterio L, Zabalgogeazcoa I. (2019) A survey of culturable fungal endophytes from Festuca rubra subsp. pruinosa, a grass from marine cliffs, reveals a core microbiome. Frontiers in Microbiology 9:3321. doi: 10.3389/fmicb.2018.03321
  • Soto-Barajas MC, Zabalgogeazcoa I, González-Martin I, Vázquez-de-Aldana BR. (2018) Near-infrared spectroscopy allows detection and species identification of Epichloë endophytes in Lolium perenne. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture 998: 5037-5044 DOI: 10.1002/jsfa.903
  • Zabalgogeazcoa I, Alvarez A, Herrero N, Vazquez de Aldana B. (2018) Production of fumonisins by endophytic strains of Tolypocladium cylindrosporum and its relation to fungal virus infection. Mycotoxin Research 34:49-57 DOI 10.1007/s12550-017-0298-6
  • Soto-Barajas MC, Zabalgogeazcoa I, González-Martin I, Vázquez de Aldana BR. (2017) Qualitative and quantitative analysis of endophyte alkaloids in perennial ryegrass using Near-Infrared Spectroscopy. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture 97: 5028-5036. doi: 10.1002/jsfa.8383
  • Mellado-Ortega E, Zabalgogeazcoa I, R Vázquez de Aldana B, Arellano J. (2017) Solutions to decrease a systematic error related to AAPH addition in the fluorescence-based ORAC assay. Analytical Biochemistry 519: 27-29
  • Soto-Barajas MC, Zabalgogeazcoa I, Alvarez-Pascua A, Vazquez de Aldana BR. (2016) Alkaloid content variability in Lolium perenne infected with Epichloë endophytes in natural grasslands. Grassland Science in Europe 21: 296-298
  • Toghueo R, Zeuko’o ME, Mbekou MI, Arc en Ce JM, Ngo M, Vázquez de Aldana B, Zabalgogeazcoa I, Fekam F. (2016) Antimicrobial and antiradical activities of ethyl acetate extracts from endophytic fungi isolated from Cameroonian medicinal plants. Journal of Medicinal Plants Studies 4: 290-295
  • Soto C, Zabalgogeazcoa I, Gomez-Fuertes J, Gonzalez-Blanco V, Vázquez de Aldana BR. (2016) Epichloë endophytes affect the nutrient and fibre content of Lolium perenne regardless of plant genotype. Plant and Soil 405: 265-277. DOI 10.1007/s11104-015-2617-z
  • Vázquez de Aldana BR, Bills G, Zabalgogeazcoa I. (2013) Are endophytes an important link between airborne spores and allergen exposure? Fungal Diversity 60:33-42
  • Herrero N, Sanchez S, Zabalgogeazcoa I. (2013) Mycovirus effect on the endophytic establishment of the entomopathogenic fungus Tolypocladium cylindrosporum in tomato and bean plants. BioControl 58: 225-232
  • Sánchez Márquez S, Bills GF, Herrero N, Zabalgogeazcoa I. (2012) Non systemic fungal endophytes of grasses. Fungal Ecology 5: 289-297
  • Herrero N, Pérez R, Oleaga A, Zabalgogeazcoa I. (2011) Tick pathogenicity, thermal tolerance and virus infection in Tolypocladium cylindrosporum. Annals of Applied Biology 159:192-201
  • Sánchez S, Bills GF, Zabalgogeazcoa I. (2011) Fungal species diversity in juvenile and adult leaves of Eucalyptus globulus from plantations affected by Mycosphaerella leaf disease. Annals of Applied Biology 158: 177-187
  • Vázquez de Aldana BR, Zabalgogeazcoa I, Rubio de Casas R, García Ciudad A, García Criado B. (2010) Relationships between the genetic distance of Epichloë festucae isolates and the ergovaline and peramine content of their Festuca rubra hosts. Annals of Applied Biology 156:51-61
  • Sánchez S, Bills GF, Domínguez Acuña L, Zabalgogeazcoa I. (2010) Endophytic mycobiota of leaves and roots of the grass Holcus lanatus. Fungal Diversity 41:115-123
  • Sánchez S, Bills GF, Zabalgogeazcoa I. (2008) Diversity and structure of the fungal endophytic assemblages from two sympatric coastal grasses. Fungal Diversity 33:87-100
  • Zabalgogeazcoa I. (2008) Fungal endophytes and their interactions with plant pathogens. Spanish Journal of Agricultural Research 6: 138-146
  • Sánchez Márquez S, Bills GF, Zabalgogeazcoa I. (2007) The endophytic mycobiota of Dactylis glomerata. Fungal Diversity 27: 171-195
Web Resources
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